Nicotinamide riboside (NR) is a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) precursor which is present in foods such as milk and beer. It was reported that NR can prevent obesity, increase longevity, and promote liver regeneration. However, whether NR can prevent ethanol-induced liver injuries is not known. This study aimed to explore the effect of NR on ethanol induced liver injuries and the underlying mechanisms.
We fed C57BL/6 J mice with Lieber-DeCarli ethanol liquid diet with or without 400 mg/kg·bw NR for 16 days. Liver injuries and SirT1-PGC-1α-mitochondrial function were analyzed. In in vitro experiments, HepG2 cells (CYP2E1 over-expressing cells) were incubated with ethanol ± 0.5 mmol/L NR. Lipid accumulation and mitochondrial function were compared. SirT1 knockdown in HepG2 cells were further applied to confirm the role of SirT1 in the protection of NR on lipid accumulation.